|Same Day Discharge|
|Post Surgery Pain||Minimal||Moderate - High|
Pilonidal sinus is a condition wherein a small pouch of infected fluid develops near the tailbone region of the lower back (just above the cleft that separates the buttocks). As the infection progresses, it may develop into a cyst or an abscess.
Treatment options for pilonidal sinus are:
Untreated pilonidal cysts, in the long run, are prone to develop into a type of cancerous growth of the skin, called squamous cell carcinoma.
You must visit a doctor noticing the following signs and symptoms:
The specific cause of a pilonidal sinus is not known. It is believed to arise due to a mixture of different factors like abnormal and excessive hair growth, hormonal imbalance, and external factors like constant sitting habits.
A person who has a sedentary lifestyle and job (like clerks and taxi drivers that sit for long periods of time) are more likely to develop this because of the constant friction due to chaffing or contact of clothes to the skin in the tailbone region.
This stimulates new hair to grow. The hair might abnormally penetrate the skin and trigger the immune system to fight against it, causing the development of a sinus or cyst.
1.Overview: The doctor uses a sharp knife to make a small cut into the abscess. This drains out the pus and removes hair and other debris. Then s/he fills the abscess with sterile gauze.
4.Advantages of this Procedure: You may go home the same day.
At first, the doctor may relieve the symptoms of pain and swelling with medicines and antibiotics as well as advise you to maintain good hygiene around the sinus. This will help to reduce the infection and decrease the size of the swelling. Regular follow-ups are required to monitor the condition.
The surgery can be performed using local or general anesthesia depending on the size of the cyst or as the doctor suggests.
To prevent pilonidal sinuses from recurring after treatment the doctor may advise a healthy diet, maintaining good hygiene measures, shaving the area that has been treated, and avoid sitting at one place for a long time.
The following are a few risk factors for developing a pilonidal sinus /cyst:
The pilonidal sinus may appear like a small dent initially at the tail bone region of the lower back above the cleft separating the buttocks.
On stimulus by either hormonal imbalance or external triggers, the region may become infected to develop further into a cyst or an abscess. This may appear as:
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